with half of these children below age twelve. The Extent of Child Labor, the significance of child labor during the Industrial Revolution was attached to both the changes in the nature of child labor and the extent to which children were employed in the factories. November 8, 2001. The Lancashire Cotton Industry. Another common explanation is that work was a traditional and customary component of ordinary peoples lives. London: Longmanns, Green, 1898. Charles Dickens called these places of work the dark satanic mills and. The minimal role of child labor in the United States today is one of the more remarkable changes in the social and economic life of the nation over the last two centuries. According to Jenkin the employment of children in copper and tin mines in Cornwall began to decline by 1870 (1927, 309). Sadly, most were disappointed when they arrived and discovered that the truth was not as rosey as they had been led to believe.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries Great Britain became the first country to industrialize. 1834(44)xxvii Administration and Operation of Poor Laws, App. Mather, and Clark Nardinelli. These hours, moreover, were not regular over the year or consistent from day-to-day.
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Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. The Employment and Unemployment of Children in England,. Reformers called for child labor laws and after considerable debate, Parliament took action and set up a Royal Commission of Inquiry into childrens employment. Manchester: Manchester University speech on the Legalization of Marijuana Publications, 1904. Library of Congress, prints and Photographs, American Treasures of the Library of Congress and, wise Guide, accessed.26.08. Ultimately, young women and adult immigrants replaced these children in the textile industry, but child labor continued in other businesses. Industrialisation removed rigid social control over young people's lives and allowed them therefore to get married much younger (typically in their early twenties rather than their mid to late twenties).
Despite the laws there were still many children and youth employed in textiles and mining by mid-century. 'Hard Times new York, Washington: Frederick A Praeger. Child Labor before Industrialization, children of poor and working-class families had worked for centuries before industrialization helping around the house or assisting in the familys enterprise when they were able. Other less commonly argued sources of an increase in the supply of child labor were that parents either sent their children to work because they were greedy and wanted more income to spend on themselves or that children wanted out of the house because their. In 1841, 346,079 girls were Domestic Servants; 62,131 were employed in Cotton Manufacture and 22,174 were Dress-makers. 1834(44)xxxvi Administration and Operation of Poor Laws. Cunningham (1990) argues that the idleness of children was more a problem during the Industrial Revolution than the exploitation resulting from employment. New types of machinery cut into the use of children in two ways.
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