after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia; was trying to start a slave revolt in the south. Fugitive Slave Act a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders. The congressional responsethe Great Compromise of 1850not only allowed for the possible creation of new slave states, but also placed legal demands upon northerners to aid in the recapture of fugitive slaves. Most of the Republican Party's northern and midwestern leaders denounced the. Find out more here. Violence between opponents and advocates of slavery erupted in 1856 in Kansas, where more than three dozen settlers were killed, including several supporters of slavery killed by abolitionists under the leadership of John Brown. Douglas proposed appeared to be a democratic method of settling disputes about whether slavery should be permitted in the territories. Republican Party of 1850 political party made up of Free Soilers, northern Democrats, and anti-slavery Whigs; sole purpose was to stop the spread of slavery. Calhoun informal leader of the south; does not believe the federal government can limit where slavery can go; South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator".
Sandford decision, the Court ruled that jean Toomers Cane slaves were not citizens of the United States and that Congress could not prohibit introduction of slavery into the territories. Henry Clay, senator who persuaded Congress to accept the Missouri Compromise; known as the "Great Compromiser". Was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea". Bleeding Kansas was a sequence of violent events involving Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" elements that took place in Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the.S. The.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen. Many opponents of slavery disapproved of popular sovereignty because it could allow slavery into a territory, and many Southern politicians disapproved of popular sovereignty because it could result in territorial legislation that excluded slavery in a territory. The Court's decision dramatically increased sectional tensions. The concept of popular sovereignty that Illinois senator Stephen.
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