our study: Sons and daughters of employed mothers have less traditional gender-role attitudes. As this pattern changed, and more women began working in the first year of their childs life, theorists had to address how this might affect child development (see,.g., Erel, Oberman, Yirmiya, 2006; Gottfried Gottfried, 1988 ; Gottfried, Gottfried, Bathurst, 2002 ; Hoffman, 1979 ;. Early and extensive maternal employment and young children's socioemotional development: Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. A number of researchers have suggested that the childrearing dimension which includes encouragement of independence, maturity demands, and autonomy granting is particularly important. The second key insight from economic theory has to do with how parents make decisions about investments in children and the impacts of those decisions. This social class difference is important because the research looking at the mother's employment status and child outcomes has also shown more consistent advantages of maternal employment for children in the working and poverty classes than in the middle class, particularly for boys. Urie Bronfenbrenner has suggested that encouraging independence and granting children autonomy may have a negative effect on boys because it increases the influence of the peer group which, for boys, is more likely to be counter to adult standards. However, when you sort out which studies find that employed mothers have higher morale and which studies find no difference, it turns out that the studies that find no difference were conducted with middle-class women. Continuities and discontinuities in the development of 64 very small premature infants to 4 years of age. We test these competing hypotheses by comparing the magnitude of the associations at age 3, 4, and first grade. Thus, the question still remains: Should mothers stay home with their babies?
Effects of Maternal Emploment on Infant Development
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Therefore, we hypothesize that, if associations are found, they may be larger for boys. Most of this research has found a higher level of satisfaction and morale, and lower scores on stress indicators and measures of depressive mood among the employed. Developmental follow-up of pre- and post-term infants. And, mothers who cited the goal of obedience, or the goal "to be feminine were more likely to have daughters who were shy, nonassertive in the classroom, and had a lower sense of efficacy, while citing the goal of independence showed the opposite effects. However, in research by Jay Belsky (and in a study by Barglow and his colleagues although the majority of mother-infant attachments in the full-time employed-mother group was secure, the number of insecure attachments was higher when the mothers were employed full-time.
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