farms, and, in higher places, cattle ranches. In the extreme west are the very narrow and discontinuous Pacific coastal lowlands, which are backed by the Serrana de Baud, the lowest and narrowest of Colombia's mountain ranges. The Guajira Peninsula in the east is semiarid. The most important of these is the savanna area called the Sabana de Bogot. The more accessible Atlantic lowlands, dominated by large livestock haciendas and a tri-ethnic population, have a distinctively different character. In 1811, the city of Cartagena declared independence and Bogot soon followed. This cross section of the republic does not include two of Colombia's regions: the Caribbean coastal lowlands and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, both in the northern part of the country. The Most Popular Sports in the World. The tierra templada (temperate land extending from an altitude of 1,000 to 2,000 m (3,300 to 6,600 ft is the zone of coffee and maize.
6 of the land area is between 20 meters with an average temperature of.
Colombia usually classifies its geography into five natural regions, from the Andes mountain range, a region shared with Ecuador, Venezuela; the Pacific Ocean coastal region shared with Panama and Ecuador; the Caribbean Sea coastal region, shared with Venezuela and Panama; the Llanos (plains shared with.
The major geographical features of Colombia include the Magdalena River, Cauca River, Amazon River, Orinoco River, Santa Marta Mountains and the Andean mountain range, which is divided into three regions, namely the Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Central.
Colombia s geography and landforms, including information on the Andes Mountains, Cauca River, Magdalena River -.
Colombia is bordered on the northwest by Panama, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, and on the southwest by Peru and Ecuador.
The Colombian cordilleras belong to the a Day At the Races northern portion of the great Andean mountain system, which extends along the Pacific coast of South America. Most of the country's commerce moves through Cartagena, Barranquilla, Santa Marta, and the other ports located along this important coast. Some 60 miles (100 km) south of Villavicencio the elongated, forested La Macarena Mountains rise 8,000 feet (2,500 metres) from the surrounding lowlands, an isolated tropical ecosystem. The Atlantic lowlands spread out southward behind. In southern Colombia the Amazonian rainforest, or selva, reaches its northern limit. Relief map of Colombia The Andean range is located in Colombia from the southwest (Ecuador border) toward the northeast (Venezuela border) and is divided in the Colombian Massif ( Macizo Colombiano ) in three ranges ( East Andes, Central Andes and West Andes ) that. The flag features three horizontal bands of yellow (double-width blue and red. The Atrato Swamp in Choc Department adjoining the border with Panamais a deep muck sixty-five kilometers in width that for years has challenged engineers seeking to complete the Pan-American Highway. Between the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Oriental flows the Magdalena River. In the Cordillera Oriental at elevations between 2,500 and 2,700 meters (8,202 and 8,858 ft three large fertile basins and a number of small ones provide suitable areas for settlement and intensive economic production. Completion of either of these projects would do much to transform this region, although it could have devastating consequences on the fragile environment. 7 Environmental issues edit Main article: Environmental issues in Colombia Land use map of Colombia, 1970.