the oecd, about two-thirds of research and development in scientific and technical fields is carried out by industry, and 98 percent and 10 percent respectively by universities and government. When businesses and banks lack incentives to spend accumulated capital, for instance because of repatriation taxes from profits in overseas tax havens, or interest on excess reserves paid to banks, increased profits can lead to decreasing growth. Industry is free to move production to countries with the lowest costs, the cheapest labor and the least regulation. " The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth nber Working Papers 3530, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. Much of this has happened recently. It follows from this that a certain mode of production, or industrial stage, is always combined with a certain mode of co-operation, or social stage, and this mode of co-operation is itself a productive force. That is, the utility maximization problem is used by economists to not only explain what or how individuals make choices but why individuals make choices as well.
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No such mechanism exists for the removal of technological wastes. But that is not the point, since almost nobody in those societies is contented with only having their basic necessities met. Persuasion technology : In economics, definitions or assumptions of progress or growth are often related to one or more assumptions about technology's economic influence. It does not attempt to pick out certain kinds of behaviour, but focuses attention on a particular aspect of behaviour, the form imposed by the influence of scarcity. "Economics is the science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses".