to the darker complexion of Mediterranean peoples, Hitler regarded them as having traces of Negroid blood and therefore were not pure Aryans and inferior to those without such heritage. 56 Nordicism was divisive because Italians and especially southern Italians - had faced discrimination from Nordicist proponents in countries like the United States out of the view that non-Nordic southern Europeans were inferior to Nordics. "The Economy in Fascist Italy". 125 Afterwards, the Fascist government in public ceremonies rose the national tricolour flag along with a Fascist black flag. Mussolini spent time in Switzerland and worked with the socialist movement there. Adolf Hitler: A Biographical Companion. Time, 31 December 1934 a b Ray Moseley. In 1928, frustration arose in the regime over Zionism in which Mussolini responded to the Italian Zionist Congress by publicly declaring a question to Italy's Jews on their self-identity: "Are you a religion or are you a nation?".
Mussolini an All - Powerful Dictator
To What Extent was Mussolini an All - Powerful Dictator?
The Story of an Italian Family
A Damn Mussolini
88 Mussolini had held antisemitic beliefs prior to becoming a Fascist, such as in a 1908 essay analyzing the Rift between the State and Defense on the topic of Nietzsche's Übermensch, in which Mussolini condemned "pallid Judeans" for "wrecking" the Roman Empire; and in 1913 as editor of the Italian Socialist Party 's. This was the last election Mussolini intended to hold. 4 Mussolini declared such economics as a " Third Alternative " to capitalism and Marxism that Italian Fascism regarded as "obsolete doctrines citation needed he said in 1935 that orthodox capitalism no longer existed in the country. Only two years earlier the party membership had stood at 60,000. Regional Conflicts Around Geneva: An Inquiry Into the Origin, Nature, and Implications of the Neutralized Zone of Savoy and of the Customs-free Zones of Gex and Upper Savoy. The Italian economy benefited and for some (though not all) Italians some degree of prosperity returned. Roberto Franzosi, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 2010. 127 The Fascists publicly identified King Victor Emmanuel II the first King of a reunited Italy who had initiated the Risorgimento along with other historic Italian figures such as Gaius Marius, Julius Caesar, Giuseppe Mazzini, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Giuseppe Garibaldi and others, for.