adding to his popularity. And, like Montesquieu, he developed an admiration for British institutions. He wanted to create a natural religion that rises from instinct, a religion that returns people to nature, with no intermediary priesthood between people and their god. Voltaire, franois Arouet, who became known as Voltaire (1694-1778 wrote poetry and plays, and for expressing his opinions he was twice sent to prison. But humanity, he believed, had a free will and God did not direct human affairs. Annual Report of the American Bible Society, 1849. Rousseau gave a boost to romanticism in the arts, believing as he did more in the emotions of the unlearned than in the reason of intellectuals. The masses, he believed, were moved too much by emotion and too little by reason. He was in exile in England from 1726 to 1729. Diderot complained of marriage as having created two unnecessary conditions: the plight of the fallen woman and the plight of the illegitimate child.
Essay on Adam Smith And Jean Jacques Rousseau, Thomas Hobbes versus Rousseau on Social Contracts, Voltaire on Gender,
He hoped that enlightened monarchs would rule above class interests and keep a firm but tolerant reign on society for the sake of all. He believed the House of The Spirits that the kind of change he wanted was not possible without undermining the power of the Church. Le plus ironique de tout, c'est que ces deux grands hommes du sicle des Lumires ont fini par se retrouver dans la mort face face, au Panthon, quelques mtrs d'un de l'autre, dans des "sarcophages" qui rivalisent de grandiloquence! He preferred the sharing that had existed among Stone Age communal societies, and he lauded the relative equality and the greater bond of affection with which he believed these people regarded each other. He opposed all forms of slavery. In 1731 Voltaire's, history of Charles XII was published, a narrative written while he was in exile in England. Montesquieu traveled through much of Europe to observe people and political constitutions.