is in the service of something they hold dear, something greater than themselves. The Christian emperor in Constantinople, faced with the loss of half of his empire, appealed for help to the rude but energetic Europeans. For example, I was frequently asked to comment on the fact that the Islamic world has a just grievance against the West. In 1480, Sultan Mehmed II captured Otranto as a beachhead for his invasion of Italy. Reminding the public about ugly moments in the history of Christianity does not make one anti-Christian. With the possible exception of Umberto Eco, medieval scholars are not used to getting much media attention. Despite numerous attempts and many more plans, Christian forces were never again able to gain a foothold in the region until the 19th century. By any reckoning, the First Crusade was a long shot. Many historians had been trying to set the record straight on the Crusades long before Clinton discovered them.
A fter 9/11, the Middle Ages suddenly became a hot topic. Those were once Christian kingdoms that fell during the first of many waves of Islamic jihads. Most of us know that 3,000 people died on 9/11, but how many Americ ans.
In strict usage, the word describes the Christian military expeditions a millennium ago to comparison of Hamlet Mel Gibson to Hamlet 2000 Ethan H capture the Holy Land from Muslims. The Crusade, therefore, fell into Richards lap. It wont last long, so here goes. They were only a front for darker designs. But there was little else he could. For variations on this theme, one need not look far. But it very nearly did. Urban II gave the Crusaders two goals, both of which would remain central to the eastern Crusades for centuries.
Nevertheless, a fellow Cistercian monk named Radulf stirred up people against the Rhineland Jews, despite numerous letters from Bernard demanding that he stop. With enormous energy, the warriors of Islam struck out against the Christians shortly after Mohammeds death. Germany, then, would have been at their mercy. But Professor Frankes comments there seem relevant to my concerns here. The answer to that question has been badly misunderstood. To the contrary, I think Gabrieles seeming rejection of any defensive impetus to the birth of the crusading movement is, by far, the minority position. Bush for using the word crusade in his remarks?