succeeded in toppling Batista on January 1, 1959. The arts of literacy were much prized by the upper levels of the Spanish population, and universities, mainly for professional training, were soon established in the viceregal capitals. Silver, Trade, and War: Spain and America in the Making of Early Modern Europe. The Spanish even went as far as burning the Maya Codices (like books). 1996) Historiography edit Murillo, Dana Velasco.
A host of evangelical churches emerged in the 1970's and have become well established, but nearly 80 of the population remains Catholic. The church caused the Latin American countries to revolt rather than have their power weakened. They were active politically throughout Spanish America, but in Mexico they also provided the military leadership (A History of Christianity). Latin America, a brief history.
Despite having the socially advanced constitution of 1940, Cuba was plagued with corruption and the interruption of constitutional rule by autocrats like Batista. Roosevelt implemented a Good Neighbor policy and allowed the nationalization of some American companies in Latin America. By the 17th century the Caracas region was exporting cacao to Mexico, where most of the market for that product was then located, enabling it to begin buying African slaves for labour. European exploration and colonization of Latin America, see colonialism. Although the Jesuits were the wealthiest of the orders, they had arrived last, had fierce rivals in other branches of the church, and counted few locals among their members.