religion with spiritist elements that began in Rio de Janeiro in the late 1920s and spread to urban areas throughout the country. Their numbers are now increasing owing to improved health care, lower incidence of disease, declining infant mortality, and a higher fertility rate. As these magical materials are specific for certain ills, and the real or imagined maladies of the people are many, the charm-box is usually full to overflowing.
Although the constitution has undergone several revisions in the last century, the most recent in 1988, it has always retained this division of governmental powers. The Feast of Nossa Senhora Aparecida, the patron saint of Brazil, is a legal holiday. Then a massive wave of immigration from Europeeventually reaching some.5 millionhelped shift the racial balance. Nevertheless, the population will continue to grow in the first twenty or thirty years of the twenty-first century because of the nation's current youthful age structure. Traditional clothing is still worn on important occasions in the cities and every day in rural areas. Beyond that unit is the extended family, consisting of all the sons in a family and their parents, wives, and unmarried daughters. Parents encourage young people to seek progress, and progress is a form of social change.
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