increasing scrutiny. The population in England doubled during Victoria's reign, and the economy of the country changed from agriculture-based to industry-based. Can we have a standing ovation for. Tess will remind you how far we've come in terms of gender equality. Historical Context, the Victorian Era when Hardy lived was a time of great change.
By 1900, Hardy authorized a paperback version of the novel, which sold 300,000 editions in England in one year. Evangelicals tackled serious issues of the day: housing and welfare of the poor, as well as social reform. As a result, the British monarchy has been able to endure, unlike the monarchies in most other countries. The result was a schism in the church that fostered three movements: the High Church movement, the Middle Church movement, and the Low Church movement. Thomas Hardy's willingness to challenge contemporary views of sexual morality and marriage made many of his novels super-controversial when they first appeared. Even heard a guy who likes sex referred to as "thirsty" and, in the same breath, heard a woman who likes sex referred to as "down"? The changes that occurred during the Victorian era affected the lives of every person living in England in both great and small ways. The publication of Darwin's Origin of Species (1859 which suggested that species evolved from common ancestors that could be found through scientific research, challenged the belief that God created each species individually and separately from every other species. Our Valentine's Day cards are significantly less creepy.